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China: US Indiscriminate Use of Force  02/06 06:08

   China on Monday accused the United States of indiscriminate use of force in 
shooting down a suspected Chinese spy balloon, saying it "seriously impacted 
and damaged both sides' efforts and progress in stabilizing Sino-U.S. 
relations."

   BEIJING (AP) -- China on Monday accused the United States of indiscriminate 
use of force in shooting down a suspected Chinese spy balloon, saying it 
"seriously impacted and damaged both sides' efforts and progress in stabilizing 
Sino-U.S. relations."

   The U.S. shot down the balloon off the Carolina coast after it traversed 
sensitive military sites across North America. China insisted the flyover was 
an accident involving a civilian aircraft.

   Vice Foreign Minister Xie Feng said he lodged a formal complaint with the 
U.S. Embassy on Sunday over the "U.S. attack on a Chinese civilian unmanned 
airship by military force."

   "However, the United States turned a deaf ear and insisted on indiscriminate 
use of force against the civilian airship that was about to leave the United 
States airspace, obviously overreacted and seriously violated the spirit of 
international law and international practice," Xie said.

   The presence of the balloon in the skies above the U.S. dealt a severe blow 
to already strained U.S.-Chinese relations that have been in a downward spiral 
for years. It prompted Secretary of State Antony Blinken to abruptly cancel a 
high-stakes Beijing trip aimed at easing tensions.

   Xie repeated China's insistence that the balloon was a Chinese civil 
unmanned airship that blew into U.S. airspace by mistake, calling it "an 
accidental incident caused by force majeure."

   China will "resolutely safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of 
Chinese companies, resolutely safeguard China's interests and dignity and 
reserve the right to make further necessary responses," he said.

   U.S. President Joe Biden issued the shootdown order after he was advised 
that the best time for the operation would be when it was over water, U.S. 
officials said. Military officials determined that bringing down the balloon 
over land from an altitude of 60,000 feet (18,000 meters) would pose an undue 
risk to people on the ground.

   "What the U.S. has done has seriously impacted and damaged both sides' 
efforts and progress in stabilizing Sino-U.S. relations since the Bali 
meeting," Xie said, referring to a recent meeting between Biden and his Chinese 
counterpart, Xi Jinping, in Indonesia that many hoped would create positive 
momentum for improving ties that have plunged to their lowest level in years.

   Foreign Ministry spokesperson Mao Ning provided no new details on Monday, 
repeating China's insistence that the object was a civilian balloon intended 
for meteorological research, had little ability to steer and entered U.S. 
airspace by accidentally diverging from its course. She also did not say what 
additional steps China intended to take in response to Washington's handling of 
the issue and cancellation of Blinken's trip, which would have made him the 
highest-ranking U.S. official to visit since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.

   "We have stated that this is completely an isolated and accidental incident 
caused by force majeure, but the U.S. still hyped up the incident on purpose 
and even used force to attack," Mao said at a daily briefing. "This is an 
unacceptable and irresponsible action."

   Balloons thought or known to be Chinese have been spotted from Latin America 
to Japan. Japanese Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihiko Isozaki told 
reporters Monday that a flying object similar to the one shot down by the U.S. 
had been spotted at least twice over northern Japan since 2020.

   "We are continuing to analyze them in connection with the latest case in the 
United States," he said.

   Mao confirmed that a balloon recently spotted over Latin American was 
Chinese, describing it as a civilian airship used for flight tests.

   "Affected by weather and due to its limited self-control ability, the 
airship severely deviated from its set route and entered the space of Latin 
America and the Caribbean by accident," Mao said.

   Washington and Beijing are at odds over a range of issues from trade to 
human rights, but China is most sensitive over alleged violations by the U.S. 
and others of its sovereignty and territorial integrity.

   Beijing strongly protests U.S. military sales to Taiwan and visits by 
foreign politicians to the island, which it claims as Chinese territory, to be 
recovered by force if necessary.

   It reacted to a 2022 visit by then-U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi by firing 
missiles over the island and staging threatening military drills seen as a 
rehearsal for an invasion or blockade. Beijing also cut off discussion with the 
U.S. on issues including climate change that are unrelated to military tensions.

   Last week, Mao warned Pelosi's successor, House Speaker Kevin McCarthy, not 
to travel to Taiwan, implying that China's response would be equally vociferous.

   "China will firmly defend its sovereignty, security and development 
interests," Mao said. McCarthy said China had no right to dictate where and 
when he could travel.

   China also objects when foreign military surveillance planes fly off its 
coast in international airspace and when U.S. and other foreign warships pass 
through the Taiwan Strait, accusing them of being actively provocative.

   In 2001, a U.S. Navy plane conducting routine surveillance near the Chinese 
coast collided with a Chinese fighter plane, killing the Chinese fighter pilot 
and damaging the American plane, which was forced to make an emergency landing 
at a Chinese naval airbase on the southern Chinese island province of Hainan. 
China detained the 24-member U.S. Navy aircrew for 10 days until the U.S. 
expressed regret over the Chinese pilot's death and for landing at the base 
without permission.

   The South China Sea is another major source of tension. China claims the 
strategically key sea virtually in its entirety and protests when U.S. Navy 
ships sail past Chinese military features there.

   At a news conference Friday with his South Korean counterpart, Blinken said 
"the presence of this surveillance balloon over the United States in our skies 
is a clear violation of our sovereignty, a clear violation of international 
law, and clearly unacceptable. And we've made that clear to China."

   "Any country that has its airspace violated in this way I think would 
respond similarly, and I can only imagine what the reaction would be in China 
if they were on the other end," Blinken said.

   China's weather balloon explanation should be dismissed outright, said 
Oriana Skylar Mastro, an expert on Chinese military affairs and foreign policy 
at Stanford University.

   "This is like a standard thing that countries often say about surveillance 
assets," Mastro said.

   China may have made a mistake and lost control of the balloon, but it was 
unlikely to have been a deliberate attempt to disrupt Blinken's visit, Mastro 
said.

   For the U.S. administration, the decision to go public and then shoot down 
the balloon marks a break from its usual approach of dealing with Beijing on 
such matters privately, possibly in hopes of changing China's future behavior.

   However, Mastro said, it was unlikely that Beijing would respond positively.

   "They're probably going to dismiss that and continue on as things have been. 
So I don't see a really clear pathway to improved relations in the foreseeable 
future."

 
 
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